What Is A Microbiologist?

Microbiologists study the growth and characteristics of microscopic organisms such as bacteria, algae, or fungi. Microbiologists have the opportunity to specialize in specific fields such as bacteriology, mycology, environmental microbiology, etc.

What Do Microbiologists Do?

  • Analyze and report on issues related to microbiology such as agricultural parasites
  • Study how organisms, including humans, live with and fight off microbial organisms
  • Research the vectors and origins of diseases in humans and animals
  • Develop new and better uses for known and unknown microbes in a variety of fields

Where Do Microbiologists Work?

Microbiologists work at universities, government experiment stations, and for a variety of medical and agricultural organizations. Lab work is frequent in the career of a microbiologist, but field work, such as collecting samples, may also be the responsibility of microbiologists.


A two year technical degree is the minimum requirement to work in microbiology. This degree provides employment opportunities in the form of lab assistantships and field work. A Bachelor of Science provides opportunity to work as a research assistant and to identify microbes and diseases in a lab. A Master's degree qualifies one to supervise a lab and is also suitable for lab and field work. A Ph.D. is necessary to conduct independent research and teach at the college level.

For more information visit: The American Society For Microbiology

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